Chilblains are a very frequent problem of the foot in winter and cooler environments. They are nearly unheard of in hotter environments. They are a painful response of the circulation in the toes after the feet are cold and is warmed up too quickly. Due to this issue with the blood circulation not responding, there’s an inflamation related reaction leading to small red and itchy lesions on the toes. If the problem becomes more persistent the skin takes on a painful dark discolouration as the waste elements build up.

The best treatment of chilblains is preventing them. First of all, use good socks and footwear so that the feet do not get too cool. If the foot does become cold don’t put it in from of the heat source so that it warms up too rapidly. The foot must be able to warm up slowly so the blood circulation has time to adapt to the changes in temperature. Once a chilblain does develop it should be protected so that it will heal up, especially if the skin is damaged. Keep it covered to shield it from damage from the footwear. Soothing chilblain creams may be used to promote the circulation and help eliminate the harmful toxins that have built up in the skin which are creating the inflammation and irritation. Care must also be taken to avoid more chilblains developing, so the strategies that needs to be used to protect against them must be used even more. You can easily get another one before the first one has healed up transforming this into a chronic problem. If the local measures to take care of the problem don’t help, there are some drugs a doctor may recommend that can be used to open up the blood circulation. The drugs are not specific to the foot and work everywhere, so may be reserved for the more severe conditions. In the very most severe chilblains, it is not unusual that they can be given advice to move and live in warmer climates.